What is fenugreek and where it came from?
Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) is an herbaceous plant that belongs to the family of peas. Many of the groups classified it as herb, but it is at the botanical nomenclature similar to legumes because as a result fruit appears pod that is filled with seeds.
This interesting plant originates from Asia, specifically in India, although later was expanded on the soil of southeast Europe, the Mediterranean, which is why now bears the name - Greek clover.
The use of fenugreek in nutrition and for the purposes of natural treatment dates back to ancient times. In fact, it was found in the writings that fenugreek was used even during the Egyptian, who is used externally to clean wounds.
Using fenugreek seeds for labor induction has been documented for about 1500 years before Christ.
Old Chinese and India have used fenugreek also for wounds that are festering.
In ancient Greece, Hippocrates, the father of medicine and his followers have used fenugreek in the treatment of respiratory diseases, as Fenugreek has the ability to excrete excess mucus.
Nutritional Value of Fenugreek
Seeds of fenugreek are rich source of basic nutrients for maintaining health - a rich source of protein, minerals, vitamins and phytonutrients.
Fenugreek contains a lot of insoluble fibers and phytosterols.
Since vitamin Fenugreek contains the most vitamin C and niacin, while most of the mineral has copper, iron, potassium, magnesium and manganese.
Medicinal plant part of fenugreek is a seed and only external (from beans), which is similar to flax seed.
Health Benefits of Fenugreek
1. The impact on digestion
Fenugreek is an herb that is characterized by a very strong aromatic and bitter taste due to the content of saponins and bitter substances. Thanks to these materials, fenugreek awakens the appetite, lining the mucous membrane in the stomach and intestines, stimulates digestion and removes excess mucus from the intestines.
Also, fenugreek can be used in conditions such as stomach cramps, colic, diarrhea.
In addition to the operation of the digestive tract, fenugreek has positive action on the function of liver and pancreas.
2. Effects on the respiratory system
In the natural treatment, fenugreek proudly occupies a place as a remedy for expelling superfluous mucus from the sinuses, throat, lungs and bronchi.
3. Fenugreek effectively treats diabetes
Due to the content of amino acids, isoleucine, and fenugreek has shown excellent results in the treatment of diabetes, both type (juvenile and diabetes mellitus). Fenugreek effectively establishes a balanced sugar levels and positively influences the secretion of insulin.
4. Fenugreek is a female plant
There are so many positive effects that Fenugreek has demonstrated in women. Some of them are:
- Fenugreek contains phytoestrogens that affect the water retention in the body and also affect the growth of breasts. So if you want larger breasts, eat fenugreek.
- Removes premenstrual discomfort
- Fenugreek i recommended to nursing mothers because it stimulates lactation and supplies the baby with important mineral - iron
- Due to the effects on the uterus, consume fenugreek a few days before giving birth, because it stimulates contractions and facilitates childbirth.
5. Fenugreek has anti-allergic properties
How to use fenugreek in the diet?
Fenugreek in India is traditional grocery, which makes one of the ingredients of curry spice.
The whole plant has a strong and bitter taste, no matter how used. To alleviate strong taste of fenugreek, it is recommended to add lemon or mint.
Seeds of fenugreek have next to medicinal properties and valued nutritional properties. It can be used in the form of whole grains (cooking) or it can be milled to a powder. Fenugreek grind into powder showed better health benefits than whole grain.
Seeds of fenugreek need to be little fried before use. Fenugreek is spice for meat and fish; it can be used as a condiment on salads, in soups and other dishes according to your taste.
In addition to use as a seasoning, of fenugreek can be prepared and tea, which effectively removes clustered mucus in the intestines, lungs and bladder.
From the seeds of fenugreek it can be get a sprouts either. Fenugreek sprouting process is done as with other legumes and cereals. Fenugreek sprouts are very nutritious and contain a lot of plant protein.