Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) is a real treasure trove of plant, thanks to its nutrient composition. What it makes different from other cereals, is the absence of gluten, a protein that triggers celiac disease.
Therefore, the buckwheat is a whole wheat meal right choice, in people who are sensitive to gluten.
The historical story of buckwheat
Buckwheat originated from Northern Europe and Asia. Over 1 000 years ago has grown in the traditional way in China, where during the 14th and 15th centuries spread on the soil of Europe and Russia. Sometime later, she began to be grown on American soil.
Nowadays most buckwheat is grown in Russia and Poland, where it is used as an adjunct to traditional dishes.
The traditional dish of buckwheat in Japan called soba noodles, while the Russians from buckwheat flour makes blinis, or better known as 'porridge'. In France, buckwheat has been applied in the preparation of waffles.
Basic characteristics of buckwheat
After the grain size is reminiscent of wheat, while its appearance is unique, because of its triangle structure of the membrane. Buckwheat membrane is removed through a special process, in order to exploit the internal seed for further use.
Mainly used as a dietary whole grain, raw or roasted condition. Another variant is the grinding grains and obtaining flour from buckwheat, which is on sale, is a lighter or darker variants. A darker version of buckwheat flour is considered nutritionally valuable.
In the phase of the plant, buckwheat has flowers that are very attractive to bees because of fine fragrances. They use them for making thick buckwheat honey, dark in color, with a particularly strong taste.
Nutritional profile of buckwheat
The nutritional profile of buckwheat is impressive. Compared to other cereals, buckwheat contains no Contingent allergen - gluten, which is very highly regarded as a food choice for people with celiac disease. It can be used as buckwheat flour, in order to substitute for wheat and other types of flour containing gluten.
Health Benefits Of Buckwheat
1. Buckwheat as a protector of blood vessels
The beneficial effects of buckwheat has on the cardiovascular system and can be attributed to specific substances called flavonoids, especially routine. Routine contained in buckwheat seed, has a role to maintain the normal elasticity of the blood vessels that provide blood flow through the blood vessels and to prevent the occurrence of blood clots in the bloodstream.
Also, buckwheat diet reduces the level of 'bad' LDL cholesterol and increases the value of 'good' HDL cholesterol. This organism ensured of having high levels of cholesterol in the walls of blood vessels, and the resulting hypertension.
A mineral that is present in buckwheat, is magnesium. Its role in preventing cardiovascular disease that relaxes blood vessels, improves blood circulation, and maintains blood pressure in the normal range.
2. Control of blood sugar - reduce the risk of diabetes
Due to the presence of large amounts of soluble fiber in it, buckwheat is useful for people suffering from diabetes type 2. Its mission is to lower and regulate blood glucose levels. Buckwheat keeps insulin levels and prevents diabetes.
American studies provide a report on the high percentage reduction in the risk of type 2 diabetes in women who are in the diet, had three servings of whole grains a day, compared to women who ate one serving per week. Blood glucose control in this case is attributed to the high content of magnesium, which is located in buckwheat. More magnesium intake - lower risk of diabetes.
3. The influence of buckwheat on the digestive system
Buckwheat is a plant that is considered to be among the best colon cleanser. Due to the high content of fiber in it, which are partly insoluble, buckwheat helps motor functions in the intestine, affects muscular contractions of the intestinal wall and their discharge. Therefore, buckwheat is effective in- digestive disorders, constipation. In addition, buckwheat works as an appetite suppressor, which makes you feel fuller and you will not have hunger pangs.
4. Buckwheat as an antioxidant and immunostimulant
One of the important influences of buckwheat is to raise general health, and the impact on the immune system. For possession of flavonoids, antioxidant activity on free radicals present in high amounts. The protection of the body from infections and low immune system, in addition to flavonoids, are responsible more vitamin E, selenium, zinc, which is also included in the nutritional content of buckwheat.
5. Preventing asthma in children
Studies have shown a correlation between the use of buckwheat in the diet and the development of asthma in children. Insufficient intake of vitamin E, selenium, magnesium, through the buckwheat in the diet, may lead to early symptoms of asthma in children.
6. Material base for skeletal system
Buckwheat due to high content of selenium and zinc is extremely important in the development of children and youth. Selenium and zinc are important for the formation of healthy, strong bones and teeth and nails.
7. Buckwheat in the fight against anemia
Buckwheat is a plant that contains a lot of iron, trace mineral that is important in the formation of red blood cells and hemoglobin. Due to lack of iron leads to anemia, accompanied with weakness, pallor, lack of concentration, rapid, shallow breathing. Buckwheat diet can prevent these symptoms.
8. High value proteins in buckwheat
As vegetable foodstuffs, contains high-value protein from the eight essential amino acids, of which the most widely amino acid, lysine.
This diet is very important for athletes, people who endure great physical efforts. It can be used in human nutrition - vegans, since replacing red meat, but the body still settled with the high value vegetable proteins.
Buckwheat diet can be included in many diet programs for weight loss. The presence of fibers gives a longer feeling of satiety, reduces appetite, increases physical energy and muscle mass, and removes excess fat.
9. Buckwheat in the service of beauty
Due to the high content of routine, a compound from the group of antioxidants, buckwheat is worth plant in order to keep fresh and youthful appearance.
Routine increases blood circulation, removes free radicals, acting with the protective effects of sun UV rays on the skin. This prevents aging of the skin and is held by its elasticity.
Buckwheat contains nutrients that are essential to health and maintaining good-looking hair.
10. Tryptophan - responsible for good mood
Due to the present tryptophan, which is present from 45% in buckwheat, buckwheat diet products positive way of life and prevents depression?
11. Buckwheat in the fight against cancer
Due to the high content of fiber and nutritional content, buckwheat can be included among the main anti-cancer nutrients. Studies now show a reduction in breast cancer by 50% in women in their diet frequently used buckwheat and its products.
In addition to breast cancer, buckwheat showed anticancer activity in the case of colon cancer. Therefore, it is preferably administered at least once per day, per serving of cooked buckwheat in organism, and thereby ensures the occurrence of colon cancer.
Buckwheat diet has proven to be highly effective in patients undergoing chemotherapy. It has been proven antioxidant activity routine operation in order to protect from UV radiation and radiation.
The negative side of buckwheat
Buckwheat belongs to the group of potential allergens. People who are sensitive to some of the ingredients of buckwheat, usually it comes to gluten, according to the occurrence of allergic reactions and anaphylactic shock.
Another downside of buckwheat is a phenomenon labelled as' sensitivity to sun ''. The symptoms are manifested as a rash on the skin, resulting from exposure to the sun immediately after consuming buckwheat. Matter contained in buckwheat seed, showed photosensitive property, because it is most stored in the leaves of the buckwheat. It is rare, except for animals that feed on buckwheat, or people who use fresh vegetable and juice germ buckwheat.
Application of buckwheat in nutrition and natural treatment
- Milk of buckwheat
Take buckwheat flour, if desired, the amount is 2 tablespoons of flour from buckwheat to cup of warm water. Stir and break up lumps. Filter the ground through the gauze or the guards. Consume milk buckwheat honey. It is used in slimming cures.
- Honey of buckwheat
Buckwheat flowers are fragrant and aromatic for bees, which use their nectar to obtain a thick honey, darker color and specific taste. Buckwheat has strong antioxidant activity compared to acacia honey.
- Buckwheat gypsum
It is used for edema on the skin, joints, because it helps in the elimination of accumulated liquids. Gypsum is saved so you can cook up buckwheat flour with hot water, and so applied to the swollen city.
- Buckwheat shell
Triangular shell that separates the seeds after treatment is use for filling pillows. They are intended for people who are allergic to pollen, dust or feathers.
Application of buckwheat in cooking
- Making bread, pancakes, crackers, Buckwheat - is used in combination with other types of flour and seeds
- Boiled buckwheat - buckwheat first well washed under running water and then immersed in water to stand overnight. Cook buckwheat in a moderate temperature, because it is rapidly cooked. It can be eaten alone, with added spices, seeds, or add meats, stews, soups, salads.
- Tea of Buckwheat - is made from the dried leaves of buckwheat, which are overlaid with a cup of hot water. It should be consumed two to three cups a day, every day, for a period of 1-2 months. The tea is used in atherosclerosis, and increased blood pressure.
- Healthy breakfast - Seeds of buckwheat or buckwheat flour mixed with yogurt or kefir and eat for breakfast.
Buckwheat should be kept in a dry, dark place. It is desirable to keep it in the refrigerator during the summer and high temperatures. Seeds of buckwheat can be stored for a year, while the shelf life of flour from buckwheat limited to a few months.